Multiple charging connectors can be confusing for many potential EV buyers. The multiple plugs used to charge electric cars are different from traditional internal combustion engine cars. They all use the same fuel filler nozzles. However, there are at most five different plugs. Different manufacturers may only have one or two of these plugs. Our guide makes it easier than it seems, and we expect it to become even simpler in the future.
Type 1 Plug
It is still widely used in Australia. However, the Type 2 connector is now used extensively. This connector is still available on some older EVs. It can be found on the Nissan Leaf as well as the Kia Soul EV. However, the plug-in hybrid Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV will continue to use it. This system is designed for AC (Alternating Circuit) fast and slow charging. It can therefore accept any voltage between 3 and 7 kW. You won’t find a Type 1 tethered charger (charging cable permanently attached) on this system. However, adapters for EVs using this system are required to allow them to plug into unmetered chargers.
Type 2 Plug
The Type 2 plug, is by far the most commonly used in Australia. Most car manufacturers are now required to include this seven-pin plug into their EVs. This means that virtually all public charging points with tethered power will have a Type-2 plug.
Similar to Type 1, it can also be charged at both slow and high speeds. Although it can only handle 22kW of power from a 3-phase supply, you should make sure that your car can accept such a charge. The Renault Zoe can charge up to 43kW from one of the rare AC fast-charging sites. However, the Tesla Model Sand Model X has a modified type 2 charger that can be charged at both the Supercharger network and a domestic wall box.
The Type 2 connector, unlike the Type 1, can be locked to a car. This means that no one can disconnect the car from its charging station while you are away.
Installation And Selection Of A Charging Station
No matter if you’re already driving an electric vehicle (EV), or are considering getting one, charging is a crucial part of the process. Find out about the options for charging and get assistance in choosing the right charger station for you.
There are three types (Level 1, Level 2 and Direct Current) of charging stations available for electric vehicles (EVs).
Level 1 Charging Station
Every new EV includes a Level 1 charging station. It plugs into any 110-volt grounded home outlet. You don’t need to upgrade your utility panel. A Level 1 charger station can provide approximately 5 miles of charging per hour.
This ready-to-go option could be the right choice if your commute is short. You can also drive a plug-in hybrid like the Kia Niro Hybrid. If you are able, you can charge your vehicle for up to 8 hours every night.
Charging Station 2
The Level 2 charging stations provide a four-fold faster rate than the Level 1 station and can travel approximately 25 miles per hour. Level 2 stations require a professionally-installed 240V outlet on a dedicated circuit. A licensed electrician can help you get an estimate for the installation of a Level 2 outlet in your home.
If you drive a Tesla Model 3 or a battery electric vehicle (EV), Level 2 might be the best choice. Larger batteries require longer charging times and may make it more difficult to charge. Level 2 charging stations are also recommended for those who drive longer distances, have longer commutes, or require a faster charge time or an extended electric driving range.
You Can Charge On The Go
If your vehicle has them, search for DC fast-charging stations that are available to you while you’re driving. These high power stations can charge batteries up to 80 per cent in as little as 30 minutes.